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Beginners Guides: Understanding and Tweaking WindowsXP Services

Beginners Guides: Understanding and Tweaking WindowsXP Services - PCSTATS
Abstract: Learn to use the 'Services' young Jedi, for they are powerful and control much of WindowsXP. if you do not, you'll be forced to run programs in the system tray for all eternity!
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Filed under: Beginners Guides Published:  Author: 
External Mfg. Website: PCSTATS Jun 21 2006   Mike Dowler  
Home > Reviews > Beginners Guides > PCSTATS

Which services are running?

Now that you know basically what a service is, let's take a look at what services are running on your computer. To access a configurable list of services, open the Start menu and click the 'run' command.

In the text box, type: services.msc and hit ENTER. This will bring up the services management window.

Maximize the window and take a good look at it. As you can see, there are a lot of services present in a standard Windows XP environment (we'll go through which ones are supposed to be there and what they do later in the article); note that each service has a name and a useful description attached to it, as well as having 'status,' 'startup type' and 'log on as' attributes.

'Status' simply indicates whether a given service is actually running on your computer at the moment. Services are either 'started' or not. 'Startup type' indicates how starting the service is handled by Windows. There are three possible values:

Automatic: The service is started automatically as part of the Windows XP boot process.

Manual: The service can be started by another application or process that needs it, but is off by default. Once it is started, the service will remain on until it is manually stopped or the system is rebooted.

Disabled: The service will not start unless this condition is changed.

Finally, the 'log on as' attribute determines which user or system account the service uses to perform its duties. This can have several implications, but is more important for those who are designing new services. As you can see, most of the services use the 'local system account' which provides them practically unlimited access to your computer, but does not allow them to perform any operations over a network. Services can also be run under users accounts, which gives them the same security permissions as that specific user would have.

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Contents of Article: PCSTATS
 Pg 1.  Beginners Guides: Understanding and Tweaking WindowsXP Services
 Pg 2.  — Which services are running?
 Pg 3.  Getting Information on Specific Services
 Pg 4.  Properties of Services
 Pg 5.  Why do does WinXP need Services?
 Pg 6.  What services should be running?
 Pg 7.  Services to disable for better security and performance
 Pg 8.  Creating your own services
 Pg 9.  Creating Services Continued

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